Icmp protocol - internet be in command of implication protocol - broadband-internet
The Internet Be in charge of Letter Protocol communicates errors letters among systems that compel attention. This error is not commonly at the user level, the error is handled by the appliance layer. In the OSI Allusion model, ICMPs are commonly careful part of the IP layer.
To put to plain and simple, ICMP letters are sent "behind the scenes" to your applications to tell them if there is a conundrum with the link or convey of data. These e-mail tell your concentration to alter what they are doing, alteration how they are conveyance and chiefly give them an error code on how they can lucratively fix their problems.
ICMPs' are sent in a average IP datagram, this datagram contains an IP heading of twenty (20) bytes and then the ICMP message. There are fifteen principles for the type field of the datagram which identifies the type of ICMP message. The "code" portion of the datagram specifies the form of the "type" even further. This sounds a bit mystifying at first, but you have two major categories, the basic "problem," and then a derivative more in depth look at that problem. This will all make more sense when you look at in a row below.
Type 0, code 0 - echo reply
Type 3 (destination unreachable)
Type 4, code 0 - font quench
Type 5 (redirects)
Type 8, code 0 - echo request
Type 9, code 0 - router advertisement
Type 10, code 0 - router solicitation
Type 11 (time exceeded)
Type 12 (parameter problem)
Type 14, code 0 - timestamp reply
Type 15, code 0 - in rank request
Type 16, code 0 - in order reply
Type 17, code 0 - concentrate on mask request
Type 18, code 0 - concentrate on mask reply
As you can see from the above information, the basic "type" groups are the main problem, with the "code" additional specifying the problem. Much of this stuff doesn't make sense to the human end-user anyway, but it means a lot to the software developers who use these desires to fix troubles in their coding.
ICMP's are a nice after the scenes assistant that are good to have their, but be thankful you don't actually have to deal with them. For even more exhaustive in rank on the Internet Be in command of Implication Protocol (ICMP) the protocol is definite in RFC 792.
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